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Ayurveda knows that anything that exists in the physical world can be used as medicine. Cannabis is no exception. It is found in over 80 traditional healing formulas, several of which are easily available in pharmacies in India. Cannabis is used in spiritual practice in some sects, as an element in rituals, taken as a sacrament on specific holidays, and for regular use by spiritual adherents. Cannabis is considered the least problematic of the ‘intoxicant’ substances; a poison / visha which can be used to great benefit by humans. Sativa is indigenous to India with the earliest known cultivation dated 900BC. Until the 1980’s it was sold in government run shops both for medicinal and recreational purposes. Sanskrit calls cannabis: "soother of grief," "the sky flyer," "the poor man's heaven."
Within Ayurveda is a vast body of established knowledge:
For thousands of years Ayurveda has compiled information on how to use cannabis as a medicine and how to treat the effects of over-use. There is knowledge relating to growing the most powerful (chemically, medicinally, & spiritually) plants that includes specific planting techniques, fertilization with ayurvedic formulas, and chanting over plants. The main use of cannabis (phala shruti or ‘fruits of use’) is for serious digestive disorders like IBS or Crone’s where the tissues are weakened so the body is not able to assimilate food (classically known as grahani). Related disorders that are effectively treated are: abdominal pain, indigestion, diarrhea. Some cannabis formulas are designed to enhance reproductive health. Currently cannabis is used widely to counter the symptoms of old age: body aches, lack of hunger etc. Additionally it may be used in a variety of vyadhis or ayurvedic diseases where pain is a main component. It is also occasionally used for mental health (convulsions, possibly asperger’s and autism), especially by encouraging sleep and countering stress response. It is extremely important to remember that cannabis is never used alone in Ayurveda but always balanced by other herbs and foods. It is a powerful substance and needs to be treated with the respect that any powerful substance is treated with. It is said that there are no side-effects to Ayurvedic medicines. This implies that medicines are correctly chosen, taken in the proper quantity, and for the proper duration. When taken inappropriately the effects of the medicines will create imbalance. Cannabis is never used alone in India, but mixed with other herbs that balance out its less desirable effects. The following info will help you use cannabis wisely for your health.
Qualities of Cannabis: The qualities cannabis promotes : heat, dryness, and astringency. It is also quickly penetrates the tissues and has the quality of lightness. It is considered to ‘increase vibrations’ which is why its use enhances music appreciation and it is used to increase the potency of mantras and chanting. It is also known to enhance actions of the herbs it is used with. Extensive use will increase all 3 doshas or organizing principals of the body (Vata, Pitta and Kapha). This is a bad effect and will have problematic long-term implications. All sorts of disorders can manifest. So it is smart to balance your medication out as much as possible.
Beyond the effects of cannabis on the body through are its effects on the mind. There are 3 characteristics of the mind in Ayurveda: tamas (delusion and lethargy), rajas (over-activity), and sattwa (calm, clear awareness). Cannabis increases tamas and rajas when not used properly and ‘clogs’ the mind. This is not a permanent condition and alleviated if you follow some protocol with use.
Forms used Cannabis is taken in 3 different forms in India. Bhang is leaves, either male or female, cured in a specific way and typically boiled with milk and spices. Chara is resin, akin to kif or hash. Gangha is flowers, usually taken for pleasure but also made into many different medicines. Seeds and roots are used in some formulations.
How to imbibe for health: Keep the qualities of cannabis in mind: Focus on cooling, moistening, stable, and deeply nourishing foods, but avoid things that are too heavy. As always eat what is freshly prepared, cooked and eaten with love and pleasure.